Apple Cider Vinegar

A Beginner’s Guide To Making Your Own

apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a versatile pantry staple with a myriad of health benefits and culinary uses. While it’s readily available in stores, making your own at home can be a rewarding and cost-effective endeavor. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the simple steps to craft your own homemade apple cider vinegar right in your kitchen.

Apple Cider Vinegar Ingredients:

  1. Apples: Choose a variety of fresh, organic apples for the best flavor and nutritional value. You can mix different types for a more complex taste.
  2. Water: Filtered or spring water is preferable to avoid any impurities that may affect the fermentation process.
  3. Sugar: A natural sweetener like cane sugar is needed to feed the yeast during fermentation. Avoid artificial sweeteners.
  4. Optional: Starter culture: While not necessary, adding a tablespoon of raw, unpasteurized apple cider vinegar with the “mother” can kickstart the fermentation process.


  1. Large glass jar: Use a clean, sterilized glass jar with a wide mouth to allow air circulation.
  2. Cheesecloth or coffee filter: To cover the jar and allow airflow while keeping out insects and debris.
  3. Rubber band or string: To secure the cheesecloth or coffee filter in place.
  4. Dark, cool place: Find a spot away from direct sunlight where the jar can ferment undisturbed.


  1. Preparation: Wash the apples thoroughly and chop them into small pieces, including the core and peel. You can use a mixture of ripe and slightly bruised apples for added flavor and sweetness.
  2. Combine ingredients: Place the chopped apples in the glass jar, filling it about halfway. Dissolve 1 cup of sugar per gallon of water to create a sweet solution and pour it over the apples until they are completely submerged. Leave some space at the top of the jar to prevent overflow during fermentation.
  3. Cover and ferment: Cover the jar with a layer of cheesecloth or a coffee filter and secure it with a rubber band or string. Place the jar in a dark, cool location with a stable temperature between 60°F to 80°F (15°C to 27°C). Stir the mixture daily with a clean spoon to prevent mold growth and ensure all apples are submerged.
  4. Fermentation: Over the next few weeks, natural yeasts present on the apple skins will begin to ferment the sugars, turning them into alcohol. You may notice bubbles forming on the surface, indicating the fermentation process is active. Allow the mixture to ferment for 6 weeks, or until it develops a strong apple cider aroma.
  5. Straining: Once fermentation is complete, strain the liquid through a fine mesh sieve or cheesecloth into a clean glass container. Discard the apple solids or use them for composting.
  6. Secondary fermentation (optional): For a stronger vinegar taste, transfer the strained liquid back into the glass jar and cover it with a fresh piece of cheesecloth. Allow it to ferment for an additional 4 weeks, stirring occasionally.
  7. Bottling and storage: Once you’re satisfied with the flavor, transfer the vinegar into clean, airtight bottles or jars for storage. Store them in a cool, dark place, such as a pantry or cupboard, where they can be kept for several months to a year.

Tips and Tricks:

  • Patience is key: The fermentation process takes time, so be patient and allow nature to work its magic.
  • Quality ingredients: Use organic apples and filtered water for the best results.
  • Sanitation: Keep all equipment clean and sterilized to prevent contamination.
  • Experiment: Feel free to experiment with different apple varieties and fermentation times to achieve your desired flavor profile.

Making your own apple cider vinegar at home is a rewarding and sustainable way to enjoy this versatile ingredient. With just a few simple ingredients and a bit of patience, you can create a homemade vinegar that’s perfect for dressings, marinades, and countless other culinary creations. So roll up your sleeves, grab some apples, and embark on your homemade apple cider vinegar journey today!

Here is a great YouTube video on the whole process on to make homemade apple cider vinegar.